Axum is a UNESCO world heritage site. This small town has an enchanting mix of small-town life and ancient history. Its mountaintop monasteries, underground tombs, carved obelisks and ancient castles make it a fascinating tourist destination.
The ruins of the ancient city of Axum are found close to Ethiopia’s northern border. They mark the location of the heart of ancient Ethiopia, when the kingdom of Axum was the most powerful state between the Eastern Roman empire and Persia. The ruins, dating from between the 1st and the 13th century A.D, include monolithic obelisks called steals, as well as royal tombs and castles. Long after its political decline in the 10th century, the Ethiopian emperors continued to be crowned in Axum.